Advices
21.12.2016

Safety Matters

Through its « Safety Matters » program, Millet wants to give to beginners and experienced practitioners its knowledge and skills in the matter. Safety training is a matter for specialists. Thanks to its partners, Millet has collaborated with the best guides in terms of snow conditions and avalanches, mountain rescue and safety exercises.
In mountains, zero-risk situations don’t exist. Hazard knowledge and safety rules are not enough. Field experience and practice brings in an extra advantage but is not a guarantee. Unable to control everything, it’s absolutely imperative to have the right attitude, being well prepared, keeping the right equipment and having the good habits. To be right and precise on its evaluation, just as its choice of the equipment.
 

 

As well as the phase of conception of mountain equipment, accuracy is the key
 

 

TO BE FITTED
 
To practice off-piste in safety, it’s necessary to have :

- An ARVA (an avalanche transceiver) to find a possible victim buried under snow. Before you leave, check batteries of your ARVA and don’t forget to put the mode “transmission”.

- A probe to evaluate the depth which is located the victim.

- A snow shovel in order to clear the snow at the victim as soon as possible.
CATCH UP ON WEATHER CONDITIONS
 

It’s important to check the weather conditions, to know snowfall and the avalanche danger (1 to 5) before you go. 

Get to know the mountain and uncertainties are essential to practice freeride. Do not hesitate to ask a professional for reading the snow cover. Mountain is unpredictable and no one is immune to avalanche or accident.
always be accompanied
 
If you’re doing off-piste skiing, you must be accompanied. Freeride is teamwork.
If you want to be safe all along your line, wait until the next skier has arrived: this will let the other have a look on you and react if necessary.
SEE ALSO
 
- RECCO® is a small, electronic device used worldwide to help locate avalanche victim. It’s not a substitute for ARVA but it increases chances to be found in time.
- Backpack equipped with airbag system improving chances to keep outside the snow in case of avalanche.
Efficient use of this type of equipment requires a preliminary training, you should test it before back-country skiing. Their lives and the lives of the others depend on it. Don’t forget to inform somebody of your destination and to have a reliable way to contact the emergency if necessary (radio or mobile phone).
 

 

learn how to observe

When skiing off-piste, you must learn to understand risks.

Look over the “playground” and evaluate the tensions and forces exerted on the snow cover to help you to find your line. Find where snow may flow.
 

 

 

 

DO NOT HESITATE TO POSTPONE
 
What guarantee the quality and safety during a freeride outing, it’s the good conditions of snow and weather. If these conditions are not met, you must postpone your excursion.
in case of avalanche
 

If you find yourself in an avalanche, don’t try to resist or to move in the way of the avalanche. Try to move yourself toward the sides of the avalanche.

If someone is buried under the snow, you should identify the location where he disappeared (that’s why is so important to be with someone).

Call immediately the emergency and start the research with your ARVA.

Please note: the chances of survival for a victim decreases in the first half-hour (it depends on burial depth). Chances of survival, depending on burial depth, are approximately 80% between 0 and 5 minutes, 50% between 15 and 30 minutes and less than 20% after 1 hour.
awaress of the general public
 

Many stations in France, offer for skiers awareness days on dangers of the mountains. Thanks to this, they can familiarize themselves with ARVA conducted by ski Patrol rescuer. These events take place in the training area called “Avalanche Park” or “Arva Park” which stretches over 1 hectare. 

DVA transmitters (carried by victims in reality) are buried on various depths and the participants have to find them thanks to ARVA and probe.
 

 

 

 

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